Why are there so many rare events all at once?
Something weird seems to be happening in the heavens. This week marks a coincidence of the full moon and the summer solstice. Some astronomers are calling this combination of maximum moonlight and the Northern Hemisphere's longest day a rare event.It comes close on the heels of last month's rare passage of Mercury in front of the sun, September's rare pairing of a lunar eclipse with a so-called supermoon, the rare 2014 "tetrad" of lunar eclipses, the rare 2012 transit of Venus, and a plethora of once-in-a-lifetime planetary alignments, one earlier this year, one in 2014 and one in the summer of 2013. Next year there will be a rare total eclipse of the sun.If these sorts of events are so rare, why do they happen so often?Ask a statistician. David Hand, a professor at Imperial College London makes sense of world's abundance of rare events in his 2014 book, "The Improbability Principle: Why Coincidences, Miracles and Rare Events Happen Every Day."